Blood Pressure

What is hypertension?
Hypertension is the term for a blood pressure that is abnormally high. There are many different stages of hypertension including prehypertension, hypertension stage one, hypertension stage two and hypertensive crisis

Your top number, or the systolic, measure the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
Your bottom number, or the diastolic, measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes.

What can cause high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can be caused by:
  • Use of tobacco products
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Stress

Risks of high blood pressure

  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Kidney problems
  • Damage to arteries
  • Eye damage

How can I lower my blood pressure?

Many of the ways to lower blood pressure involve a change in lifestyle. These changes can include:

  • Eat a well-balanced diet: Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low sodium foods
  • Exercise regularly
  • Receive frequent check-ups
  • Avoid tobacco products
  • Decrease caffeine consumption
For more information please visit:
Mayo Clinic